378:1 Metal Gearmotor 25Dx58L mm LP 12V with 48 CPR Encoder
This gearmotor consists of a low-power, 12 V brushed DC motor combined with a 377.93:1 metal spur gearbox, and it has an integrated 48 CPR quadrature encoder on the motor shaft, which provides 18,140.79 counts per revolution of the gearbox’s output shaft. The gearmotor is cylindrical, with a diameter just under 25 mm, and the D-shaped output shaft is 4 mm in diameter and extends 12.5 mm from the face plate of the gearbox.
Key specs at 12 V: 14 RPM and 100 mA free-run, 320 oz-in (23 kg-cm) and 1.1 A stall.
In general, these kinds of motors can run at voltages above and below their nominal voltages; lower voltages might not be practical, and higher voltages could start negatively affecting the life of the motor.
The dimensions are available as a downloadable PDF (223k pdf).
Using the Encoder
The version of these gearmotors with encoders use a A two-channel Hall effect sensor to detect the rotation of a magnetic disk on a rear protrusion of the motor shaft. The quadrature encoder provides a resolution of 48 counts per revolution of the motor shaft when counting both edges of both channels. To compute the counts per revolution of the gearbox output, multiply the gear ratio by 48. The motor/encoder has six color-coded, 8″ (20 cm) leads terminated by a 1×6 female header with a 0.1″ pitch, as shown in the main product picture. This header works with standard 0.1″ male headers and male jumper and precrimped wires. If this header is not convenient for your application, you can pull the crimped wires out of the header or cut the header off. The following table describes the wire functions:
|Red||motor power (connects to one motor terminal)|
|Black||motor power (connects to the other motor terminal)|
|Blue||encoder Vcc (3.5 – 20 V)|
|Yellow||encoder A output|
|White||encoder B output|
The Hall sensor requires an input voltage, Vcc, between 3.5 and 20 V and draws a maximum of 10 mA. The A and B outputs are square waves from 0 V to Vcc approximately 90° out of phase. The frequency of the transitions tells you the speed of the motor, and the order of the transitions tells you the direction. The following oscilloscope capture shows the A and B (yellow and white) encoder outputs using a motor voltage of 6 V and a Hall sensor Vcc of 5 V:
By counting both the rising and falling edges of both the A and B outputs, it is possible to get 48 counts per revolution of the motor shaft. Using just a single edge of one channel results in 12 counts per revolution of the motor shaft, so the frequency of the A output in the above oscilloscope capture is 12 times the motor rotation frequency.
|Size:||25D x 70L mm|
|Shaft diameter:||4 mm|
|No-load speed @ 12V:||14 rpm|
|No-load current @ 12V:||100 mA|
|Stall current @ 12V:||1100 mA|
|Stall torque @ 12V:||320 oz·in|
|No-load speed @ 6V:||7 rpm|
|Stall current @ 6V:||550 mA|
|Stall torque @ 6V:||160 oz·in|
|Lead length:||8 in|
|Motor type:||1.1A stall @ 12V (LP 12V)|